Para 1. Compensation to innocent persons killed.

1.1 Along with excreta payment to those innocent killed in agitation or any action after 1882. Compensation for property damage will also be paid.

Para 2. Army Recruitment.

2.1 All citizens of the country have the right to enroll in the army and merit will remain the criterion for the selection.

Para 3. Enquiry into November incidents.

3.1 The jurisdiction of Shri justice Ranga Nath Mishra Commission enquiring into the November riots of Delhi would be extended to cover the disturbances in Bokaro and Kanpur also.

Para 4. Rehabilitation of those discharged from the Army.

4.1 For all those discharged, efforts will be made to rehabilitate and provide gainful employment.

Para 5. AllIndia Gurdwara Act.

5.1 The Govt. of India agrees to consider the formulation of an All India Gurdwara Bill. Legislation will be brought forward for this purpose in consultation with Shiromani Akali Dal, others concerned and after fulfilling all relevant constitutional requirements.

Para 6. Disposal of Pending Cases.

6.1 The notification applying the Armed Forces Special Powers Act to Punjab will be withdrawn. Existing Special Courts will try only cases relating to the following types of offenses: (A) Waging War (B) Hijacking.

6.2 All other cases will be transferred to ordinary courts and enabling legislation needed will be brought forward in this session of Parliament.

Para 7. The Territorial Claims.

7.1 The Capital Project area of Chandigarh will go to Punjab. Some adjoining areas which were previously part of the Punjabi or Hindi regions and were included in the Union Territory will go to Punjab; the areas which were added to U.T. from the Punjabi region of the erstwhile state of Punjab will be transferred to Punjab and those from Hindi region to Haryana. The entire Sukhna Lake will be kept as part of Chandigarh and thus go to Punjab.

7.2. It has + had always been maintained by Shrimati Indira Gandhi: That when Chandigarh is to go Punjab, some Hindi speaking territories in Punjab will go to Haryana. A commission will be constituted to determine the specific Hindi speaking areas of Punjab which should go to Haryana in lieu of Chandigarh. The principle of contiguity and linguistic affinity with village as a unit will be the basis of such determination. The commission will be required to give its findings by 3lst December 1985 and these will be binding on both sides. The work of the commission will be limited to this aspect and will be distinct from the general boundary claim which the other commission referred to in Para 7.4 will handle.

7.3 The actual transfer of Chandigarh to Punjab and areas in lieu thereof to Haryana will take place simultaneously on January 26, 1986.

7.4 There are other claims and counter claims for adjustment for existing Punjab and Haryana boundaries. The Govt. will appoint another commission to consider the matter and give its findings. Such findings will be binding on the concerned states. The terms of reference will be based on village as a unit, linguistic affinity and contiguity.

Para 8. Centre State Relations.

8.1 Shiromani Akali Dal states that Anandpur Sahib Resolution is entirely within the frame work of Indian Constitution. That it attempts to define the concept of Centre State relations in a manner which may bring out the true federal characteristic of our unitary constriction and that the purpose of resolution is to provide greater autonomy to the states with a view to strengthening the unity and integrity of the country, since unity in diversity forms the cornerstone of our national entity.

8.2 In view of the above, the Anandpur Sahib resolution in so far as it deals with the Centre State relations stands referred to the Sarkaria commission.

Para 9. Sharing of River Waters.

9.1 The farmers of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan will continue to get water not less than what they are using from the Ravi Beas system as on July 1, 1985. Water used for consumptive purpose will also remain unaffected. Quantum of usage claimed shall be verified by the tribunal referred to in Para 9.2. Below.

9.2 The Claims of Punjab and Haryana regarding the shares in the remaining waters will be referred for adjudication to a Tribunal to be presided over by a supreme court judge. The decision of this tribunal will be rendered within six months and would be binding on both parties. All legal and constitutional steps required in this respect be taken expeditiously.

9.3 The construction of SYL canal shall continue. The canal be completed by August 15, 1986.

Para 10 Representation of Minorities.

10.1 Existing instructions regarding protection of interests of minorities will be recirculated to the state Chief Ministers (P.M. will write to all Chief Ministers). Parall Promotion of Punjabi.

11.1 The central Govt. may take some steps for the promotion of Punjabi language.

This settlement puts an end to a period of confrontation and ushers in an era of amity, goodwill and cooperation which will promote and strength the unity and integrity of India.

Signed: Harchand Singh Longowal

Signed: Rajiv Gandhi

Prime Minister of India



Shiromani Akali Dal

Dated: July 24, 1985

Article extracted from this publication >>  August 2, 1985