Major developments in arms control talks between the United States and the Soviet Union:

1925 The Geneva Protocol bans the use of chemical weapons such aS poison gas, an agreement widely violated. .

1963 — A Limited Nuclear Test Ban signed by the United States, Soviet Union and Britain and prohibiting all but underground nuclear tests.

1967 — an international treaty bans weapons of mass destruction from outer space.

1970 — The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty prohibits the nuclear powers from helping others acquire nuclear weapons and non-nuclear countries from developing such arms, an agreement signed by most nations but not by several actual or ‘‘near-nuclear’’ states such as Israel, Pakistan, India, China, Brazil, South Africa and Spain.

1972 — The first U.S.Soviet Strategic Arms Limitation accord, or SALT I, puts a ceiling on each side’s long-range nuclear weapons, accompanied by a separate accord limiting the superpowers to 100 anti-missile missiles (ABM’s) each at two sites on each side.

1974 — A modified ABM agreement limits the United States and Soviet Union to one ABM site each.

1974 — An international treaty banning biological weapons.

1979 — The SALT II treaty to extend the SALT I accord, signed but never ratified.

Nov. 30, 1981 — Washington and Moscow begin Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) talks on limiting medium-range missiles but the Soviets break off the talks on Nov. 23, 1983.

June 29, 1982 — The two major powers begin Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START) but these also are indefinitely interrupted by Moscow on Dec. 8, 1983.

Sept. 28-29, 1984 —President Reagan and Soviet Prime Minister Gromyko meet in Washington and agree on process of follow-up exchanges between the nations.

Jan. 7, 1985 — Secretary of State George Shultz and Gromyko meet in Geneva to explore prospects for new arms talks encompassing strategic and medium-range nuclear missiles and space weapons.

There were also U.S. Soviet-British talks from 1977 to 1980 on a comprehensive nuclear test ban but they were interrupted when President Reagan was first elected and never have been resumed.

Article extracted from this publication >> January 18, 1985